Antigua & Barbuda

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Antigua & Barbuda

 

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Antigua & Barbuda

 

Antigua Coat of Arms 


Motto: "Each Endeavouring, All Achieving"

Antigua Coat-of-Arms was originally designed by Mr. Gordon Christopher, about 1966. It was later modified by the Financial Secretary, Mr. Don Cribbs.

The motto EACH ENDEAVOURING, ALL ACHIEVING was composed by Mr. James H. Carrot M.B.E., who at the time was the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Trade, Production and Labour. He won a prize of $100.

The Pineapple surmounting the arms represents the famous Antigua Black Pineapple.

The Red Hibiscus flowers are symbolic of the many varieties that bloom in the Nation.

The Golden Sun and the wavy blue and white BANDS symbolize the Sea, Sun and Beaches.

The central SUGAR MILL TOWER and the stem of SUGAR CANE echoes the historic production of sugar, once the main industry.

The Century Plant or DAGGER POLE with its stem and showy golden yellow flowers was a part of the historic emblem of Antigua and the Leeward Islands.

The two rampant DEER depict the only large animal within the Eastern Caribbean and that is unique to Antigua and Barbuda.

 

   
 

Flag 

 

The Flag of Antigua and Barbuda was officially adopted on February 27, 1967.

The sun represents the dawning of a new era, the red indicates the energy of the people, blue is hope and the black represents its African ancestry.

The V shape is said to symbolize victory and the overall combination of yellow, blue and white represents the sun, sand and sea of this Caribbean island nation.


 

The National Anthem of Antigua & Barbuda

Fair Antigua and Barbuda
We thy sons and daughters stand,
Strong and firm in peace or danger
To safe guard our native land.
We commit ourselves to building
A true nation brave and free.
Ever striving ever seeking
Dwell in love and unity.

Raise the standard! Raise it boldly!
Answer now to duty's call
To the service of thy country,
Sparing nothing, giving all;
Gird your loins and join the battle
'Gainst fear, hate and poverty,
Each endeavouring, all achieving,
Live in peace where man is free.

God of nations, let Thy blessings
Fall upon this land of ours;
Rain and sunshine ever sending,
Fill her fields with crops and flowers;
We her children do implore Thee,
Give us strength, faith, loyalty,
Never failing, all enduring
To defend her liberty.

LYRICS BY - Novelle Hamilton Richards.
MUSIC BY - Walter P. Chambers

 

Please click here for music sheet


Antigua and Barbuda (Spanish for "ancient" and "bearded") is a twin-island nation lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major inhabited islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands and further south, the island of Redonda). The permanent population numbers approximately 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is St. John's, on Antigua.

Separated by a few nautical miles, Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 17 degrees north of the Equator. The country is nicknamed "Land of 365 Beaches" due to the many beaches surrounding the islands. Its governance, language, and culture have all been strongly influenced by the British Empire, of which the country was formerly a part.

 

Capital and largest city Saint John's
17°7′N 61°51′W / 17.117°N 61.850°W / 17.117; -61.850
Official languages English
Local language Antiguan Creole
Ethnic groups (1996) 91% Black
4.4% Mixed
2.9% Other
1.7% White
Demonym Antiguan
Barbudan
Government Parliamentary democracy under federal constitutional monarchy
Monarch Elizabeth II
Area 440 km2 (195th)
170 sq mi
Population (2011) 81,799
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time Zone AST (UTC-4)

Source: Wikipedia

 

 

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Antiguan Daughter living on Canadian soil now a Centenarian

Through the eyes of her daughters Lynne & Emily

 
 

Hilda Druscilla Watkins was born in Freemans Village, Antigua, on  March 24,1914. Her parents were the late Thomas "Tommy" Watkins and the late Tryphena Hephzeba "Hep" Creighton, both of Freemans Village. Though Thomas had other children, Hilda was his first and is the only one alive today. She was the only child her Mother.

Hilda, our Mother spent her early years in Freemans Village. She  attended the Primary School of the day, worshipped at the Methodist Church, and participated fully in its activities especially in the area of singing. She later relocated to the All Saints Elementary School having such teachers as the late J.T. Ambrose after whom the All Saints is now renamed.

Though an estate worker and poor, Granny did not allow that to dampen the ambition she had for her only child to be a well-rounded individual. Apart from the normal Reading, Writing and “Rithmetic,” Mother was sent to music lessons which she took with a member of the McQuire family living in Swetes. In order not to miss out on her lessons, Mother entered the Swetes Elementary School and boarded in the home of her music teacher. In later years and in addition to the music, Mother was sent to handicraft lessons where she learnt, with hand and machine, how to sew, to embroider, crochet, tried with tatting, hairpin lace and punch work. The time came when she left school and gained employment in the private homes of some of the estate owners as housekeeper, children's nurse, housemaid, butler and cook.

It was somewhere in the nineteen thirties that she moved with Granny, her Mother, to All Saints where she spent the rest of her life before moving to Montreal, Canada in 1995. In All Saints, she enrolled in the Juvenile branch of the Odd Fellows, a Lodge, where she met Charles Spencer who hailed from Swetes and was already a Past Noble Governor of the same Lodge. A courtship resulted out of that meeting and on 25 September 1941, they were married in the All Saints Anglican Church where Charles, her Husband, was already a member.

Mother was a Methodist at the time of the marriage, so soon after, she was confirmed in the All Saints Anglican Church and remained a member until her migration to Montreal in 1995. The union between Mother and Pappy produced two children, Lynne, residing in Montreal, Canada,  with whom Mother lives, and Emily in Barbados. That marriage came to end in June 1994 with the death of Pappy,  having lived continuously as a married couple for fifty three years.

Mother is, and has always been a very strong-willed individual who held to her views, right or wrong, and no amount of talking could make her change her mind about how she felt. When she could move freely on her own, she was not afraid to let us know that is "Mother me name", and that she was not afraid to beat us no matter how big or how old we think we were. She believed strongly in the Proverbial saying of not sparing the rod and spoil the child. She gave freely to others of what she had whether those who received were in need or not, but more so to those who were really in need, She was reluctant to take anything in return from anyone.

We were taught to be content with what we had and not to be envious of anyone for what they had. We were taught not to curse, not to swear and not to fight, and no matter how much we were beaten up by others at school, we were not to retaliate. Rather, she confronted the parent or guardian of the offender and asked them please to warn their children not to interfere with her children or else she would go to the length and breath to get the justice we deserved. Another strong point is her stickler for punctuality. She hates to be late for anything she has to attend.

Like her Mother before her, she made sure that her two daughters enjoyed a life better than what she had. To this day, she loves to dress and look good, and not in anything that will make her look like and old lady. So it was with her daughters, we were always dressed and looked good, sometimes to the envy of our contemporaries. A very high point in her life was that of ensuring that Lynne and I had a Secondary Education, for which we are today, extremely grateful. Though at times when we were children, Lynne and I felt that her actions were harsh and unreasonable. However, that discipline instilled in us has made us better women today.

Pappy had other children prior to his marriage to Mother and those she recognized and accepted as though they were hers, and they likewise, accepted, recognized and respect her as their step-mother.. She is also the Mother-in-Law of Patrick Benjamin formerly of St. John's, and the Reverend Samuel Knight of All Saints, Antigua. Her  grand children are Allyson, Linda and Patrick Benjamin, in Montreal; Dr. David Knight, Washington, D.C. and the late Dr. Juliette Knight.

Thank You, Mother, for all you have done to make us who we are today. May you also give Thanks to God, with a grateful heart, for all His blessings bestowed on you, and may God continue to bless you with health and strength as He has done during these one hundred years.

With Love
Your daughters,
Lynne & Emily

 

 

 

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